Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease that can affects parts of the central nervous system (CNS), including the brain, spinal cord and the optic nerves in your eyes. It is an autoimmune disease, which means that the immune system attacks specific parts of the body.
In the case of MS, it destroys nerve axons and myelin, which are two key components involved in the conduction of nerve impulses. As a result, patients with MS suffer from numerous neurological problems, which can cause problems with:
- Muscle control
- Basic body functions.
MS is a complex disease and its cause remains elusive. However, Intense study over the last ten years has yielded important information about how the disease progresses. Emerging technology (e.g induced pluripotent stem cell technology) and future treatments are focusing on ways to understand the disease as well as protecting the axonal and myelin from damage.