Dr Christoph Englert
Professor of Molecular Genetics at Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, Germany
- G19, Opposite Cinque Lire, 15 Innovation Walk Monash University Clayton Campus
- Professor Peter Currie
Insights into sex determination and aging from a short-lived killifish
The turquoise killifish Nothobranchius furzeri is the shortest-lived vertebrate that can currently be bred in the laboratory. Phenotypes like rapid growth, early sexual maturation, accelerated aging and stages of embryonic arrest (diapause) make it an attractive model organism in biomedical research. Killifish employ a XX/XY sex determination system. We have recently discovered that the Y- chromosomal copy of the TGF-β family member gdf6 (gdf6Y) is the male sex determinant in N.furzeri. Our data suggest that Gdf6y gained this function through allelic diversification.
In the context of aging, cellular senescence is a major interest in the lab. To study senescence in vivo we have recently developed a respective reporter line, which carries a fluorophore encoding gene in the cdkn1a (p21) locus, a senescence marker gene. The line itself is transparent, which has been achieved by the simultaneous inactivation of three key loci responsible for pigmentation. Current applications of the senescence reporter line will be presented in the talk.
Christoph Englert is Professor of Molecular Genetics at the University of Jena, Germany, and group leader at the Leibniz Institute on Aging – Fritz Lipmann Institute (FLI). He received his PhD from the Max Planck Institute for Biochemistry / University of Munich and carried out his postdoctoral training with Daniel Haber at the Cancer Center of Massachusetts General Hospital / Harvard Medical School. The Englert lab, together with two other labs has established the short-lived African killifish Nothobranchius furzeri, as a new model for research on aging. Currently, several projects in the lab utilize N. furzeri, allowing the investigation of the age-dependency of organ homeostasis and regeneration as well as the genetic basis of aging. Recently, the lab has discovered a member of the TGF-β signalling pathway as the male sex determining factor in killifish. In addition, the group has generated a transparent killifish line named klara that can serve as a tool for in vivo applications in research on aging and beyond.